On the criteria for linear independence of Nesterenko, Fischler and Zudilin
In 1985, Yu. V. Nesterenko produced a criterion for linear independence, which is a variant of Siegel’s. While Siegel used upper bounds on full systems of forms, Nesterenko used upper and lower bounds on suﬃciently dense sequences of individual forms. The proof of Nesterenko’s criterion was simpliﬁed by F. Amoroso and P. Colmez in 2003. More recently, S. Fischler and W. Zudilin produced a reﬁnement, together with a much simpler proof. This new proof rests on a simple argument which we expand here. We get a new result, which contains Nesterenko’s criterion, as well as criteria for algebraic independence.